Stoping Bird Extinction in Bird Paradise.

Environment & Animal
2021-04-12 09:11:02

Video Credit: The Maluku Nature Conservation Agency
The Maluku Nature Conservation Agency (BKSDA) released at least 199 native Indonesian endemic birds which were confiscated from the illegal wildlife trade. in Indonesia. BKSDA Maluku carried out the release of protected wildlife in two Nature Reserves, Mount Sahuwai-Taman Jaya, Piru Village, West Seram District and Nief River, Eastern Seram District.

A total of 199 birds, including 146 rainbow lorikeets (Trichoglossus haematodus), 53 Maluku parrots (Eos bornea), and 5 animals released in the Nief River SA, namely 4 Seram cockatoos (Cacatua moluccensis) and 1 lorikeet Rainbow (Trichoglossus haematodus).

According to the regulation of the Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia in 2018, regarding protected plant and animal species, adds the list of protected species native to Indonesia to 921 species.

Apart from a country with the most species of mammals, Indonesia is a paradise for birds with the second largest number of species in the world. However, the fact is that Indonesia has long been known as one of the countries with an alarming rate of illegal wildlife trade, occupying the second position in the list of countries with the most endangered animals, based on data from the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).

Responding to this situation, the Indonesian government through The Ministry of Environment and Forestry issued a ministerial regulation in 2018 by increasing the number of species threatened with extinction.

Unlike the Amazon, which is a rainforest in the middle of the land, Indonesia is a land in the middle of the ocean. Of the thousands of islands, the total land area in Indonesia is only a third of its total area. On a world scale, Indonesia only has 1% of the world's land area. However, this small land area is inhabited by 12% of mammals and 17% of endemic birds, which only exist in Indonesia.

The demand for illegal wildlife trade shows that Indonesian people love to look after animals. However, the misconception to make the wildlife animals their pets is something that government need to work on. Raising birds in cages has been a deeply rooted culture in Indonesian society for a long time. Moreover, illegal wildlife trading has provided significant economic value not only for traders or hunters of wild animals but to every stakeholder within the value chain. Various economic sectors such as producers of animal feed, transportation companies, The national competitions of chirping birds, or even farmers who sell their crops for animal feeding.

Again, there is a lack of public understanding to protect their natural ecosystems, which impossible only to be resolved by the government but possible to be resolved by the participation of the whole Indonesian people.